Bark is normally smooth shiny reddish-brown when young that separates into papery curly strips and with age becomes tan to golden-yellowish or silver gray with expanded lenticels, fissures and scaly plates. Well you're in luck, because here they come. Birch trees are scattered throughout the United States. Greenish-brown to reddish-brown, slender, with hair when young; smooth and brown later, with scattered light colored lenticels, and usually have small glands, Smooth shiny reddish-brown when young that separates into papery curly strips and with age becomes tan to golden-yellowish or silver gray with expanded lenticels, fissures and scaly plates, Alternate, simple, elliptical, 4 to 6 inches long and typically half as wide with a pointed tip, rounded to heart-shape base and a sharp double-toothed margin, 9 to 11 veins per side, dark dull green above, light yellow green below, Ovoid, sharply pointed, reddish brown with a fringe of hair on the scale margins, Both male and female flowers will occur on the same tree making the plant monoecious. River birches grow best in moist soil in full sun in USDA zones 4 to 9. Its scientific name is Betula Papyrifera, and it belongs to the family of Betulaceae.Before we go on with knowing more about this tree, let’s have a look at the table given below which shows the scientific facts and classification of the paper birch. Good seed crops are produced at intervals of 1- 4 years, usually with little seed produced in intervening years. Seeds are not produced on young trees and once production starts crops are heavy once every 10 years and much lighter on intervening years. Leaf miners cause excessive defoliation on the tree, causing the branches to drop their leaves long before the usual winter drop. The species, alleghaniensis, refers to the Allegheny Mountains where the tree is widespread. Tea prepared from twigs and bark can be helpful for boils and sores when taken internally as well as used as a wash. It has been used to treat gout, rheumatism and mild arthritic pain. Birch leaves and alum allow to receive yellow paint for wool. LAST DAYS TO ORDER: Leather- DEC 11, International DEC 11, 1ST Class Shipping- DEC 15, Priority- DEC 21 *These dates are approximate if you wish to receive your order in time for Christmas. Fall color is a bright yellow. Yellow birch has a grain that is similar to maple’s and is highly sought after in furniture and flooring. An interesting note is that early settlers and many people up to the twentieth century, believed that the yellow birch was actually two separate species. Twigs and leaves have the flavor of wintergreen and can be used as condiments. Terms & conditions The most common yellow birch leaves material is wood. Pollination is by wind. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/yellow-birch, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources - Yellow Birch, United State Department of Agriculture - Yellow Birch. Yellow birch, (Betula alleghaniensis, or B. lutea), ornamental and timber tree of the family Betulaceae, native to the northeastern part of North America. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are yellow. Skype: healthbenefit55. Dry conditions are unfavorable for the tree due to its shallow root system. They need acidic soil (pH 5 to 6.5) to prevent chlorosis (yellowing of leaves). 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Herb: Yellow Birch Latin name: Betula alleghaniensis Synonyms: Betula lutea Family: Betulaceae (Birch Family) Medicinal use of Yellow Birch: Yellow birch is little used medicinally, though a decoction of the bark has been used by the native North American Indians as a blood purifier, acting to cleanse the body by its emetic and cathartic properties. price Pricing Information Hardiness Zones The river birch can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 4–9. The first sign of this infestation occurs with small yellow … The name ‘birch’ itself is derived from an old Teutonic word. Open-grown yellow birch crowns are long and wide spreading. Birch trees leaves are of green colour with sharp edges which turn yellow in autumn season depending on the species. Some species may grow to the height of 80 feet under appropriate conditions. The most common yellow birch material is wood. Did you scroll all this way to get facts about yellow birch? Bark of the birch can be used for making canoes and other wooden items. The natural colours of yellow birch lend it unique charm. Leaves often have resinous glands along the vein which also give off the wintergreen odor when crushed. Omissions? Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Yellow birch, also called Silver Birch, orSwamp Birch, (Betula alleghaniensis, or B. lutea), ornamental and timber tree of the family Betulaceae, native to the northeastern part of North America. Yellow birch is little used medicinally, though a decoction of the bark has been used by the native North American Indians as a blood purifier, acting to cleanse the body by its emetic and cathartic properties. Viability under natural conditions decreases around the second year. The male catkins are 2–4 in (5–10 cm) long, yellow purple, pendulous (hang downwards), and occur in groups of 3-6 on the previous year’s growth. Did you scroll all this way to get facts about yellow birch leaves? Bark is a source of ‘Oil of Wintergreen’. Corrections? Flowers mature to a short-stalked upright cylindrical non-woody cone-like structure, 3/4 to 1-1/4 inches long, brownish in color with many 3-lobed hairy scales containing 2-winged nutlets, the wings are narrower than the nutlet, which mature in the fall and disperse by wind and water in the winter. Birch trees thrive in moist soil and full sunlight. In the 19th Century the species was classified as B. lutea, from the Latin lutum for ‘yellow’. In 2002, one of its cultivars was even named the Urban Tree of the Year by the Society of Municipal Arborists. Leaves are single or double serrated on the edges. Leafminers and leaf spots are minor problems on the trees. It is found in abundance throughout the southern regions of the province and is admired for its beauty and functionality. Broken twigs have a wintergreen smell. fallax (Fassett) Brayshaw, Betula alleghaniensis var. Decoction is also used as a sleeping aid before bed for insomnia. Generally shallow but variable. The oldest chewing gum ever found was a lump of birch bark tar that dates back to the Stone Age. Yellow birch has a grain that is similar to maple’s and is highly sought after in furniture and flooring. You guessed it: yellow. Yellow Birch - INOX 4 1/4. Leaves of the birch … The wood of Betula alleghaniensis is extensively used for flooring, cabinetry and toothpicks. Here are few interesting facts about the birch tree. These cone-like structures will usually remain on the twig after seed release. alleghaniensis Britton, Betula alleghaniensis var. Three varieties of birch are commonly used as lumber -- white, yellow and sweet. Leaves usually occur on short spur shoots of the twig, 2 per shoot. Location: Northern half of Minnesota where cool, moist conditions prevail. It is very similar to Sweet Birch, but easily distinguished by its bark. Essential oil of Birch can ease sore muscles or joint pain if applied externally. Betula lutea f. macrolepis (Fernald) Fernald, Betula lutea var. The yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis) has played a vital role in the furniture industry of Quebec since the early days of colonization. The wood of birch tree catches fire even if it is wet. River birches are resistant to bronze birch borers. It is also known as Betula lutea. Bark can be used to build dwellings, lodges, canoes, storage containers, sap dishes, rice baskets, buckets, trays and dishes and place on coffins when burying the dead. In more dense forest, crowns are short and irregularly rounded. The leaf is dark dull green above, light yellow green below and is hairy when young. Yellow birch scientifically known as Betula alleghaniensis is an aromatic, medium-sized tree belonging to the Birch Family (Betulaceae). The female catkins are erect (point upward) and 1.5–3 cm (5⁄8–1 1⁄8 in) long and oval in shape, they arise from short spur branches with the leaves. The trunk usually divides into a few spreading branches but lateral shade produces a straight trunk that extends nearly to the top of the tree. There are 4313 yellow birch for sale on Etsy, and they cost $18.74 on average. Yellow birch reproduces mostly by seed, usually first at about 40 years but optimally at about 70 years – trees under 20 years sometimes produce seed. The tea can also be used as a wash for skin complaints. Interesting Birch tree Facts: Birch is a medium-sized tree that can reach 30 to 50 feet in height. The natural colours of yellow birch lend it unique charm. It is rather just like Candy Birch, however is definitely distinguished by bark. The river birch tree often is used for landscaping due to its graceful drooping limbs and attractive color. 30 m (99 ft) high. Botanical Description . Inner bark, Sap, Twigs, Leaves, leaf buds, About 150 years, but maximum longevity is over 300 years, Spermatophytina  (spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames), Betula alleghaniensis Britton (yellow birch). It occurs on various soil types including glacial tills, outwash sands, lacustrine deposits, shallow loess, and residual soils derived from sandstone, limestone, igneous, and metamorphic rock. Among the largest of birches, yellow birch grows to 30 m (100 feet) on cool, moist bottomlands and on drier soils to elevations of 1,950 m. On limbs and young trunks the silvery yellow bark peels in paper-thin curls; on old trunks it is red-brown, deeply grooved, and broken into irregular plates. Various species of birch (Betula spp.) Yellow birch chips can be used to produce ethanol and other products. ... Pencils are yellow because of Chinese royalty. There are 550 yellow birch leaves for sale on Etsy, and they cost $17.90 on average. There are about 60 different species of birch. Yellow Birch is an aromatic, medium-sized, slow growing, long lived, typically single stemmed, deciduous tree that grows about 60 to 75 feet (18-23 m) in height and up to 2 feet (0.6 m) in diameter, and sometimes grows to 100 feet (30 m) in height and 4 feet (1.2 m) in diameter. Their shallow root systems are sensitive to hot, dry soils, but are tolerant of flood conditions. The Yellow Birch is botanically called Betula alleghaniensis . Leaves are alternate, simple, elliptical, 4 to 6 inches long and typically half as wide with a pointed tip, rounded to heart-shape base and a sharp double-toothed margin, 9 to 11 veins per side. There are small stipules at the base of the leaf stalk. Privacy Policy An infusion made from the leaves of the Birch has been used as a diuretic and cleansing agent to the urinary tract. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be undemanding, like loamy soils. Make sure you guys appreciate us and don't forget to Like, Share and Subscribe. Interesting Facts About Birch Trees. Fun Facts: Fine texture; heavy; strong; hard; shock resistant; smooth, yellowish/bronze, papery bark Uses: Furniture; veneer; crates; wooden ware; interior finish; doors Full Size: 60-70 feet in height, 2-2.5 feet in diameter; maximum 114 feet, 4.5 feet in diameter Younger yellow birch were easily identified, but the the old and large yellow birch have a distinctive black bark and loses much of it’s younger looks. This is a regular, pre-varnished wood floor texture. The following is a list of widely known trees and shrubs. It also is a good edge tree for naturalized areas. Pleasant drink, it can also be concentrated into syrup or fermented into a beer. Traditional uses and benefits of Yellow Birch, https://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=19481#null, https://davesgarden.com/guides/pf/go/58141/, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxonomydetail.aspx?id=7068, https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Betula+alleghaniensis, https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BEAL2, http://www.theplantlist.org/tpl/record/kew-21135, https://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_beal2.pdf, https://www.srs.fs.usda.gov/pubs/misc/ag_654/volume_2/betula/alleghaniensis%20.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Betula_alleghaniensis, https://riwps.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/Betula.pdf, https://gobotany.newenglandwild.org/species/betula/alleghaniensis/, http://www.adirondackvic.org/Trees-of-the-Adirondacks-Yellow-Birch-Betula-alleghaniensis.html. Bark is waterproof and has been used by native peoples as the outer skin of canoes, as roofing material on dwellings and to make containers such as buckets, baskets and dishes. The root system of yellow birch is generally shallow but variable. Yellow birch is named for its characteristic shiny-golden, peeling bark. The leaves of paper birch, also called white birch, silver birch and canoe birch, emerge greenish-yellow in spring, are bright green during summer and turn yellow in fall. The most popular color? Facts from the Michigan Forests 2014 report. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The pale green twigs are slightly aromatic. The usual lifespan of the birch is 40-50 years. YELLOW BIRCH Caramel. In dense stands the trunk is free of branches for over half the height of the tree. Inner bark is generally only seen as a famine food, used when other forms of starch are not available or are in short supply. Pruning cuts will bleed sap in the spring, so prune when the trees are dormant. Birch is deciduous tree that belongs to the family Betulaceae. In the past, birch rays were often used to illuminate peasant huts, because this wood burns brightly, and at the same time almost does not smoke. The glands and the inner pith give off a wintergreen odor and taste when crushed. The individual flowers are only 1/8 inch long, are yellowish with 2 stamens, a 4-lobed calyx and are in groups of 3 and slightly covered by small bracts. Sugar maple/beech/yellow birch forest type accounts for 19 percent of the State’s forest land; Aspen type accounts for about 12 percent; White oak/red oak/hickory 7 percent. 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